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say chinese authorities aren't transparent about their spending. the u.s. and japan and other countries are concerned about china's military muscle. the chinese government has been more aggressive in its campaign to force the claim over disputed islands in the region. analysts say it is partly intended to keep other countries in check over the disputes. >>> analysts are sounding the alarm about the naval buildup. their annual white paper says recent actions by chinese authorities are a grave concern for east asia and the rest of the world. this year's report says china's defense budget increased by 30 times over the past 24 years. defense officials believe the growth is from building aircraft carriers and say chinese leaders are dispatching war ships more frequently to the south china sea and east china sea. the latter is home to the senkaku islands. which both china and taiwan claim. the wipe paper claims ownership. defense officials will submit the report to the cabinet and then release it to the public by the end of this month. public anger over the deployment of military a
>> welcome to the "journal." >> welcome. >> here is what we have coming up. >> u.s. treasury secretary timothy geithner comes to germany to talk about the european crisis. >> no ending to the fighting in of 0h. france calls for an urgent meeting of the u.n. security council. >> it trial begins in moscow. a fight between the president and an all-female punk band. >> well, it is usually a playground for germany's rich and famous, but today it was the scene of high end diplomacy in the eurozone debt crisis. >> the u.s. treasury secretary swept into the north sea island to see his german counterpart wolfgang scheuble who is on vacation there. >> the markets are hoping that a game-changer in the crisis could be on the way. that is after mario draghi promised last week to do all it takes to stabilize the euro. >> germany's finance minister cannot of charlie's get the debt crisis during his summer break. u.s. treasury secretary timothy geithner called on wolfgang short life ensued, to urge germany to work together with other eurozone states to resolve the crisis and boost confidence
detention facilities across syria, saying they are being used to hold people arrested in government crackdowns since pro-democracy protests started last year. >> the group said it had carried out more than 200 interviews with former detainees, military, and intelligence. almost all of them said the either experienced or witnessed torture. data powerful footage has captured what is said to be the syrian government's deadly shelling of residential areas. a new report details atrocities being committed away from the eyes of the world. >> the syrian authority is running a network of torture centers, a network of torture chambers scattered across syria. the widespread and systematic nature of this network makes it clear that it constitutes a crime against humanity. >> human rights watch interviewed more than 200 former prisoners who told of their experiences in regime torture chambers. >> when we were detained in the military intelligence prison, they hung us by our arms with our bodies suspended in the air. then they beat and taunted us. they put a metal device with a for your prongs' b
. there is tension between the u.s. and iran. a spokesperson for the fifth fleet of the u.s. navy says sailors issued repeated warnings to the fishing boat, but small vessel continued to race toward the ship. the crew then fired on the boat. uae government officials told media in the emirates that the victim was an indian man. the closing down the bottle neck between the persian gulf and the arabian sea, iranian authorities often dispatch high-speed boats in the gulf to intimidate u.s. vessels on patrol. china's business practices are coming under international scrutiny. the world trade organization ruled that a chinese company rules a my massachusetnoply. the u.s. filed a complaint with the world trade body in 2010. in the ruling, the wto says china discriminates against foreign banks by providing china union pay with a monopoly in processing of electronic payments denominated in 9 the chinese currency. kirk said the decision will help u.s. companies and increase american jobs as more efficient credit and debit payment systems in china enable consumers to buy more goods. he added that china should h
use to back up their conclusion? >> a day after the accident a spokesperson for the nuclear regulatory agency said he couldn't deny the possibility of a meltdown, but the agency changes wording immediately after the prime minister's office asked to preapprove any statements about the accident. >> okay. >> and during the weeks that followed, the word meltdown just disappeared from the briefings. in fact, the agency spokesperson denied meltdown had even happened. ultimately, it took three month for authorities to admit a triple meltdown had occurred at fukushima. this raises the possibility of a government coverup. the panel also says, government officials failed to disclose important information on the spread of radioactive materials. they had data from forecasting system but they didn't pass the information on to local authorities and as a result, many evacuees were unnecessarily exposed to radiation. >> tell us a little bit more about what experts say led to the actual accident in fukushima. >> all right. the report is similar to the result of the investigation by the diet appointed p
nations involved, thereby, denying the united states an opportunity to intervene. but the u.s. has been pushing china to join a multi-lateral framework with asean claimants to draw up legally binding code of conducts. u.s. engagement with groups such as the asean regional forum reflects a shift in foreign policy under the obama administration. the asia-pacific is now the focus of american economic and military strategy. that means potential flash points including the south china sea are of increasing concern to washington, especially when it comes to the military presence of china. nhk world's anthony yazaki reports. >> reporter: u.s. secretary of state hillary clinton arrived in phnom penh on wednesday afternoon. the first item on the agenda was a meeting with the foreign minister from asean where they exchanged views on the region's most delicate topic, the territorial disputes over the south china sea. >> i ask in my country why i put so much emphasis on asean, i tell them we work with asean on issues of central importance to the united states from maritime security to economic growt
hub. the use of heavy weapons there has already taken its toll. >> the fight for control of aleppo has raged for nearly a week, and both sides are preparing for what could be a decisive battle. still, demonstrators defied the danger, filling the streets to voice their hatred of the assad regime and to show their increasing disregard for the powers that be. opposition forces have reportedly seized a number of districts in the city. the rebel flag now flies over a government building, and rebel forces are preparing themselves for the battle to come. the assad regime is reportedly ready in an offensive. the u.s. state department is voicing concern fearing an all- out massacre may be imminent. >> this is another desperate attempt by a regime that is going down to try to maintain control, and we are greatly concerned about what they are capable of in aleppo. >> washington says its intelligence indicates the syrian government is using warplanes and attack helicopters to target rebel positions in aleppo. the international red cross has pulled many of its emergency personnel out of the region.
envoy kofi annan says that israel and iran both back his peace plan. >> obviously, we're going to use the governmental parties to move in that direction. >> but the death toll in syria continues to rise. these images show mortar attacks on the outskirts of damascus. >> nine people have been killed and 11 injured and net -- and at a deadly avalanches in the french alps. german, english, at french, and swiss hikers were among the dead. >> among those feared to be among the victims, the avalanche struck high on the north face of the mountain. it began 11 climber accidentally dislodged a piece of the face. >> the search efforts continued. rescuers used polls at 4,000 meters in a desperate attempts to locate the missing. speculation on the cause of the accident against. investigators suspect it was caused by a block of ice that slipped from the mountain slopes. >> the heat of the ice could have been -- the sheet of the ice it could have been loosened by a mountain climber. it buried them beneath it. >> it is a popular access route to a location for 4,400 meters high. a lot of people were o
, the u.s. security council approved a 30-day extension for its monitoring mission in a syrian. they are part of kofi annan's peace plan to end the 16-month conflict. >> there is no sign of any peace in syria. thousands are fleeing the country. fighting between military and rebels intensifies. >> diplomatic pressure has failed to break the impasse at the u.n. security council. for now, that means no sanctions against the assad regime. but u.n. observers will be allowed to stay on in syria. russia remains adamantly opposed to any resolution that would impose an embargo on damascus. moscow is coming under increasing criticism for its hard-line stance. the foreign ministry rejects the resolution as one-sided. >> certain western countries are blaming russia in part for the escalation of violence in syria but this is absolutely unacceptable. instead of making rude insinuations about russian foreign policy, our western partners should be convincing the syrian opposition groups to find a political solution. >> but there's no evidence of that happening anytime soon. street fighting con
. >> kozel ben fajzullin. these are our headlines. the assad or shame makes a veiled threat to use chemical weapons in its fight for survival. >> a series of coordinated attacks in iraq leaves more than 100 people dead, 200 wounded in numerous locations. >> europe plunged to new market turmoil. spain's debt surges, and the stocks in the euro continued their slide. >> syria has issued a very stark warning against any foreign interference, implying it would use chemical or biological warfare to combat any intervention from abroad. >> the warning comes as international pressure grows on the government to step aside from several fronts arab foreign ministers said offered president assad a safe exit if he resigns. >> but the syrian leader is showing he intends to remain in power, launching new counter offenses against rebel strongholds. our coverage begins on the ground in syria. >> this video posted on the internet is believed to have been filmed in aleppo. rebels said fierce fighting is continuing there and the capital damascus. pressure is mounting on president bashar al-assad. for the first
as in brussels. it is very good to have you with us. -- dw studio in brussels. the by london. scottish nationalists want independence. and why concierge are on the rise again in france. it will not be easy for the small island in the mediterranean. cyprus is taking over the presidency of the eu on the first of july at a time when europe is in its deepest crisis, but it knows the ins and outs of the union's problems only too well from its very own experience. there are closely intertwined with the greek economy, but help is on its way -- cyprus has asked for help from its european partners. in the past, it has turned to russia. >> these russian schoolchildren are rehearsing music numbers they will be performing at the next fall festival, but they only know russia from vacations. their home is cyprus. natalia also considers this harbor city her home. 13 years ago, the businesswoman made the move to the mediterranean. she now publishes a russian- language newspaper. she is proud of how much the russian community has contributed to prosperity in the island nation. >> they are important for
continues, and so did the killings. >> and middle east analyst and author joins us now in the studio to talk more about this. russians have warned that the conflict is becoming more sectarian. are we going to see an all-out civil war in syria? >> that is unfortunately indeed the past we see evolving. what started out as civil unrest against regime in justice and as a quest for change has now really become a full-fledged civil war -- what started out as civil unrest against regime injustice. this makes it so complicated to really solve the issue. there is the government that still assumes it can crush this rebellion, and there is an opposition that is getting stronger and stronger, militia- type of opposition, that also believes it can crush the regime militarily, but in both cases, it will not work. >> the west has been a constantly trying to ratchet up pressure, but china and russia are opposed to that. is there anything that can be done to get china to agree to increase the pressure? >> both china and russia worry that too many regimes in the region fall and become pro- western. syria and
daiichi. government officials are calling on businesses and households to limit their energy use. how long will this heat wave last? let's bring in mai from our weather team, mai, what can you tell us? >> i can tell you this heat isn't going to go anywhere. it will remain for the rest of the work week across most of the country. the air, combined with the high, this is the western pacific high that crested across japan, across most of the country during our holiday three-day weekend and that gave us clear skies which means plenty of sunshine that hit the asphalt and heated up the asphalt, remaining those heat. so this combined brought us really record-breaking temperatures. for wednesday's high looking at temperatures you can see a lot of mid-30s. tokyo looking at 32 degrees. the western half still looking at surging, soaring hot heat. back to you. >> hot days ahead, mai, thanks for that. halfway around the world people in the united states are also sweating their way through a hot summer. record heat has triggered bone dry conditions. u.s. weather forecasters say the country is experienci
graduate student accused of conducting a shooting spree in a u.s. movie theater. james holmes faces 142 charges, including murder, attempted murder, and possession of explosives. he is suspected of killing 12 people and wounding 58 in aurora, colorado earlier this month. holmes spoke just once in monday's court appearance. he said, yes, when the judge asked fe understood the charges. they are expected to hone in on his state of mind at the time of the shooting. he was facing psychiatric treatment before the crimes. prosecutors will consult victims' families before deciding whether to demand the death penalty. >>> two of the world's leading tech companies are going head to head over patents. u.s. computer giant, apple, and south korean competitor samsung electronics entered another legal battle over smart phones and tablet computers. jury selection began at the federal courthouse in san jose, california. the firms have fought about 50 similar trials around the world since april of last year. lawyers for apple are asking the court to stop samsung from selling its smart phones and tablet c
to deal with used ones because they don't emit much radioactivity. tepco staff are monitoring radiation levels and footage from under water camera to make sure they remove the right rod. they say the operation went smoothly and they'll take another one soon. they'll inspect the metal containers of the collected rods in late august to determine whether there is any corrosion or other damage. they want to begin extracting the remaining rods starting in december of 2013 but they still have to figure out to remove the more dangerous used fuel rods. experts argue tepco workers will face other challenges, for one they say the reactor four building wouldn't withstand a strong earthquake. on top of that, they point out crews will first need to clear the debris around the storage pool. >>> the fukushima accident forced operators to gradually shut down all of japan's nuclear reactors. the government decided last month to put two units put online at the ohi plant. the first reactor reached full operating capacity nine days ago. engineers just restarted the second one. the ohi plant operator say ro
>>> welcome to nhk world "newsline." naval defense crews from japan, the u.s. and australia are working together to prepare for one of the world's most dangerous natural disasters. they've held their first joint tsunami drill off hawaii aimed at saving lives should the monster waves strike. it's part of a u.s.-led multinational exercise. soldiers posed as civilians who had been swept away by a tsunami. divers from the three countries then took to the water and worked together to carry out a search operation. they used a boat to transfer the survivors to a japanese self-defense forces vessel. they provided first aid which included the use of oxygen masks. the drill is part of the rim xef exercise pacific exercise which happens every two years. rimpac began in 1971. the united states have been recently placing importance on humanitarian aid and disaster relief to encourage more nations to take part. a record 22 countries are participating this year. new additions include russia and india. china wasn't invited. analysts say the u.s. intends to use rimpac as one way to keep chin
: we used to be able to solve a conflict soon after it happened. but in recent years, it doesn't get solved right away. this has to do with america's back to asia policies. if the american back to asia attitude also accompanies actions, china's countermeasures will become larger. >> china is pursuing its maritime interests as a show of power with the united states also putting more emphasis on asia, it seems unlikely china will be prepared to back down. nhk world, beijing. >> reporter: that was china's stance, how will asean respond. as we heard there, china seems hard lined. what's the position of asean countries? >> the philippines and vietnam believe a confrontation with china is unwise and favor multilateral discussion through asean, japan, the united states and other countries have a voice at some asean meetings. they are against china expanding its maritime presence, the philippines, vietnam, especially won the backing of the united states. on monday asean foreign ministers are working on a code of conduct. the focus of the asean meeting on wednesday is whether china accept's a
, people in japan listen. he's one of the country's most influential politicians. now he's using that influence to shake up the ruling democratic party and threaten prime minister yoshihiko noda's political future. ozawa is bolting from the dpj, and he's taking 49 lawmakers with him. noda's plan to raise the consumption tax to offset japan's debt was the last straw. >> translator: we voted against raising the consumption tax based on our belief that there's much to be done before any tax hike. the democratic party, led by prime minister noda, is no longer the dpj that achieved an historic change of power. we're going back to the basics of what got us elected and have decided to leave the party to create a new type of politics in which the people can choose freely. >> ozawa has been critical of noda on a number of issues. the key point of contention is the prime minister's plan to hike the consumption tax from 5% to 10%. a majority of lower house lawmakers voted last week in favor of bills that would raise the consumption tax and change social security. ozawa and most of his follo
-- the role of circumcision in turkey. final wish -- u.s. and asia patients who donate their organs in russia. and black is back. what makes a man and man? that is a question that is no longer so easily answered in countries like germany, but there are societies that do have a very clear picture of their ideal man. some societies say a man is a real man only when he has been circumcised. but a regional court in germany will last month that the practice of circumcision represents a minor form of bodily harm to children, for the first time giving more importance to someone's physical well-being than to the right of freedom of religion. the ruling immediately met with heavy criticism from jewish and muslim groups. in turkey, for instance, it is the most important day in a young boy's life. >> he is 7 years old, but in turkey, he is already considered a man. he was circumcised to a wheel weeks ago and is celebrating his right of passage with 600 other boys. -- rite of passage with 600 of the boys here for some, the fanfares to much. for low-income families, the operation is financed by the city o
and went to new york in may. he spoke with us about his fears and hopes. alec hurst reports. >> translator: for six or seven years, he was under surveillance by the authorities. i was not even allowed to call my family. >> two months have passed since chen arrived in the united states as a visiting scholar at new york university. he lives there on campus with his family. he told us that human rights in china are detee you're rariorai china. >> translator: things are really bad now. my nephew is bei ining tortured. i don't know what is happening now. >> chen, who is blind is one of china's best known human rights activists. in april. he escaped from house arrest and sought protection inside the u.s. embassy in beijing. eventually, he was given a temporary visa. chen's escape came before a bilateral cabinet level meeting. neither country wanted the request overshadowing the summit. instead of being granted or denied asylum. chen was allowed to leave china to study inside the united states. chen's departure from china was facilitated by an organization called china aid. bob foo is it's founde
in the u.s. and europe. but for china, the april to june gdp figure marks a slowdown. the growth rate of its gross domestic product is below 8% for the first time in three years. it's been shrinking for the past six quarters. problems in europe and at home are to blame. the national bureau of statistics spokespersons says the figure is the lowest since the second quarter of 2009. that's when the global financial crisis pushed the growth rate below 7%. some analysts say the eurozone debt crisis is creating sluggish demand for chinese products, and that's weighing down on gdp. others cite weaker domestic demand because of uncertainties about the economy. national bureau of statistics spokesperson says the government is aiming to stop the economic slowdown. >> translator: the chinese government will continue to focus on steady growth, strengthening and adjusting the policies in a bid to maintain economic growth. >> chinese premier wen jiabao lowered the country's growth target in march to 7.5% based on the ill effects of rapid growth. the level is down from last year's 8%. the government
: it is difficult for us to control regional conflicts in which small weapons are used. we in japan must create an environment in which we can contribute to peace-building. >> reporter: but the key players are big weapon producers such as the united states. the u.s. is the world's biggest weapons exporter, accounting for one-third of the total value of global arms shipment. washington initially opposed the treaty. but president obama reversed that position. his administration is not so forthcoming on some of the scope of the treaty, though, such as small arms or ammunition. guns are very popular in the u.s. a new poll indicates more than 40% of american households own a gun. some lawmakers resist any international law that might, in their view, infringe american people's constitutional right to arm themselves. the u.s. is also the biggest exporter of ammunition and produces over 7 billion rounds a year. the country has resisted the proposed inclusion of ammunition in the scope of the treaty on the ground that it is impractical. russia and china have also raised concerns. the countries are also
launch in april. it addresses american foreign policy noting the shift in u.s. emphasis towards the asia pacific, they say japan will seep to deepen defense ties in a way that fits the new security environment. the paper acknowledges the issue of u.s. military facilities in japan says the bases should maintain their deterrent role while reducing the burden on host communities. the defense report touch on the territorial dispute with south korea and describes a small group of islands as japanese territory, that prompted officials in seoul to launch a protest. the white paper reiterates it remains unresolved and restates japan's claims to the islands, south korean foreign ministry officials issued a statement in response. they say south korea alone exercises sovereignty over what they call the dokdos islands and urging the japanese government to take immediate corrective measures. he spoke about the meeting and explained japan's position and said the country cannot accept south korea's complaint. necessary newly declassified documents show that the u.s. offer to vacate bases in okinawa bef
is that the urgency of the situation sometimes forced us to contact the engineers because the cabinet had trouble accessing information about the kind of support they needed on the ground. >> hosono also said he believes the lack of a clear division between the roles of the government and tepco added to the confusion in the wake of the accident. >>> the u.s. labor department has just released the latest employment figures. the unemployment rate remains stable at 8.2% last month. but the number move to jobs outside the agricultural sector was lower than expected. the labor department says employers added 80,000 nonfarm jobs in june. that's approximately 20,000 less than analysts expected. employment in the manufacturing sector continued to edge up, but figures for mining, construction and retail remained at a standstill. >>> the international monetary fund chief has praised japan for raising the consumption tax but urged the country to make further efforts in restoring its fiscal health. christine lagarde spoke in tokyo on friday. she said japan needs to cut spending and further increases in taxes
for using its dominant position to loosen regulations. it also criticizes the utility for refusing to disclose information even after the disaster. the panel says workers at japan's nuclear regulatory agencies were no better. it evaluates their level of expertise as poor. it says the nuclear and industrial safety agency and the nuclear safety commission didn't maintain independence from pro-nuclear government bodies and didn't prioritize public safety. >>> nhk world's mitsuk mitsuko nishikawa has spent the day reading the report. you've read the script in detail. this diet appointed panel says fukushima daiichi accident clearly was a manmade disaster. how did member comes to that conclusion? >> well, they argue collusion between the government, tepco and nuclear regulators caused the accident. they point out all three groups showed a lack of governance. and they say they failed to correctly develop the most basic safety requirements. for example, assessing the probability of damage and developing evacuation plans. they say the disaster could have and should have foreseen and preven
the tsunami in contrast to the break wall at fukushima daiichi. the iaea experts hope to use their findings to strengthen the quake resistance of plants around the world. kaho izumatani of nhk world from onagawa. >> the operator of fukushima daiichi is trying to learn from the mistakes made during last year's disaster. the accident lowered public confidence in tokyo electric power company. tepco workers struggled to gather and provide information. the utility held its first large-scale emergency drill since march 2011 in an effort to make improvements. about 300 people, including the firm's new managers, took part in the exercise. tepco officials conducted the drill as if a magnitude 7.3 quake had struck beneath koto ward near tokyo bay. in the scenario, the tremor damaged power lines and substations. utility officials practiced confirming the situation at local thermal power plants. they also calculated electricity ly forecasts after a possible suspension of power. they used a video conferencing system to simulate how they would monitor the impact on the utility's two nuclear plants in fuk
the semiconductor unit with mitsubishi electric. they are focused on building lsi chips used in devices such as mobile phones and microcontrollers for cars and home electronics. then came last year's earthquake and tsunami. and floods in thailand prompted automakers to diversify their suppliers. in the end, renesas post a loss of $90 million in the term through march. in a bid to revitalize its business, renesas signed an agreement in may to outsource production to taiwan's tsmc and jointly develop products with them. but that wasn't enough. the firm now has to stream line its operations by consolidating plants and cutting jobs. in exchange the four main creditors and three major electronic manufacturing shareholders reportedly agreed to give financial support, totalling more than $1 billion. >>> nhk world reporter has been following the story. it, too, suffered from the earthquake and tsunami but what are other factors that affected renesas' decline. >> the main reason is electronic makers couldn't reach the global market. renesas customers, sony and sharp, those three companies are st
. the u.s. accuses both countries of torching progress in this area and helping us not stay in power. >> senior politicians for more than 100 countries came from around the globe to the meeting in paris. french president francois hollande said half the world was represented, all with one goal in common. % in syria. but the meeting was overshadowed by who was not there. both russia and china did not attend. >> u.s. secretary of state hillary clinton called for more pressure on moscow and beijing. >> i do not think russia and china believe they are paying any price at all, nothing at all. for standing up on behalf of the assad regime. the only way that will change is if every nation represented here directly and urgent -- urgently makes it clear that russia and china will pay a price. >> clinton says that without moscow and beijing's support, a concerted international move against the syrian regime is impossible. the syrian opposition is in disarray and there is little sign of either the opposition or the government putting down their arms in favor of dialogue. western powers warned th
, by the u.s., by qatar, by saudi arabia -- >> they are supported by the americans, by the u.s., by saudi arabia. >> you save the regime does have loyal forces, does have supporters. namely russia, for example. the vote at the u.n. security council has been delayed. it could possibly happen now on thursday. are you expecting any change in that vote because of what has happened in damascus? >> no way. nothing will change in the security council, and even if they did change, the two sides have decided to fight it out. >> russia has decided to use its veto power? >> yes, it will. even if it did not, the two sides would continue fighting. there is no diplomatic way right now to stop the country from entering a civil war. the only question is -- how long will it take? >> the white house says it now does not know the whereabouts of bashar al assad. what does that tell you? is it possible he has left the country? >> i do not think so. he will remain in the country. he has no place to go. his family has no place to go. he has so many supporters in the country that he american governt simply does
historic achievements. the team honored in audience with king juan carlos. >> joining us from the capital madrid is our correspondent there. what has been the mood there over the last 24 hours? >> love, it is a never-ending discotheque, it seems, because after a long, long night, they started very early celebrating here. their intraday by disc jockeys and famous singers, as you can maybe here from behind. the party goes on, and we are to welcome the spanish football team here. [inaudible] i will not imagine what the reactions are of thousands of people that are here. >> is it fair to say that the victory has offered some temporary psychological relief to the people who are suffering under the financial crisis in spain? >> yes, indeed. at least for the last four weeks. today, of course, and maybe the following days, it will be this nice moment to remember. but all the standards i talked to, they were so realistic and said the championship is over, and live continues. and tomorrow, we have to go back to work. then we are facing again all of our problems. but they join this great moment. may
in a suburb of the u.s. city denver. a gunman open fire at the movie theater in aurora, colorado. police say 12 people are dead and 50 others are wounded. they've arrested a suspect. the shooting happened after midnight. people were watching the premiere of the new batman movie "the dark knight rises." police say the suspect held at least two guns. a local radio station reports he was wearing a gas mask and sent off a smoke or tear gas bomb. emergency crews have rushed the wounded to the hospital. the injured include those who got hurt while trying to escape from the theaters. this theater attack comes on the heels of a shooting in alabama earlier this week that wounded 17 people. >>> anti-government forces in syria are gaining more ground in the cam pab pain -- campaign to topple president bashar al assad's regime. they have been fighting on a number of fronts in the central part of the country and in the capital damascus. now they've seized several border crossings. the anti-government forces say they've taken control of some positions on the border with turkey. online video shows oppositi
. good to have you with us today. here's what is coming up in the next half-hour. late pardon -- how cars deserters are fighting for their honor. parents will not give up slapping their children. and why the turks love their dogs. syrian soldiers who desert from their army to avoid shooting at their fellow countrymen are raised in the west, but the syrian dictator publicly denounces them as traitors. german soldiers whose refusal to fight hastened the end of the nazi regime had to wait some 50 years before they were rehabilitated. so what is a heroic deed and what is treason? some irish soldiers wanted to fight against hitler's germany and had to leave their own army to do so. >> these guys have seen a lot. philip fought with the british army against nazi germany. he even took part in the allied invasion of normandy, a bloody battle that claimed thousands of lives. >> he, you know, left ireland to go fight in the war because he just got married. he wanted to make a difference. he still had to provide for his wife and seven children and grandchildren as he got older. just what you would wa
correspondent has been following this story and joins us now from our parliamentary studios. what have you learned today? >> let me begin by telling you what i have not learned -- specifically why those files were destroyed, who gave the order for them to be destroyed, and was it part of a cover-up? that cannot be ruled out. we also do not know the full extent of the collision and collaboration between members of the intelligence community in germany and neo-nazis. lots of big questions that remain to be answered. we do know there was this decade-long series of hideous racially motivated crimes, and the perpetrators of those crimes went undetected for more than a decade. why? that is the question. because the police were not good at tracking them down. what we have learned today is that when the police turned to the intelligence agencies in germany, they did not get much support because the chief of those intelligence agencies has submitted -- admitted that his services was uncoordinated, was bureaucratic, and was heavy handed and blind in one night. that is the most important point. why d
backing on sunday from the u.s. foreign ministry. he is going to saudi arabia to try to get some backing against the military. for him, the visit by the german foreign minister. >> thank you very much for that. >> western-leaning parties have taken early leads in libya's parliamentary poll. at the results hold up, they would counter the trend of islamist victories in egypt and tunisia. the final tally is not expected for days, but initial results from tripoli and benghazi show an emergent leave for the coalition led by jabril, the former prime minister of the rebel government. the muslim brotherhood is in second place. syria now and international peace envoy kofi annan says he has agreed to a new approach with president bashar assad to ending what assad himself has called all-out war in the country. kofi annan describes the latest round of talks as positive, but there has been no the escalation on the part of the syrian regime. >> army tanks continue to shell opposition stronghold on monday, with reports of more than 30 people killed. and in a rare television interview, the increasingly
. >> translator: for 42 years we had no role to play in politics, culture or education. the time has come for us to shape libya. >> reporter: just three days before the election, she was ready. the party leader is on the poster, instead of her. only her name and occupation are written on it. she decided not to use her photo to try to avoid discrimination. >> translator: see, someone tore this female candidate's picture. i didn't want to be like her, so i decided not to use my photo. >> reporter: someone has written critical comments on her facebook page. >> translator: you're a leftover from the old regime. >> translator: it's ridiculous that someone as young as you is running. >> reporter: she thought lack of understanding of a democratic system was behind the harassment, so she held a meeting with voters. she told them everybody can express themselves freely in a democracy. >> translator: her explanation made me understand what an election is for the first time. >> reporter: she believes the first thing is to get people to realize the importance of the election. >> translator: this is an elect
. good to have you with us. here is coming up -- a watery grave -- a german war tragedy in poland. sites off the beaten path in prague. from all over europe flocked to poland and ukraine to follow the continent's biggest sports event. it is hard to imagine some times that just a couple of decades ago, this would not have been possible. too tensse were relations between eastern and western europe. this bet -- the second world war left some deep scars, which germans and poles have been striving to heal. >> 67 years ago in this idyllic spot, a plane crashed on march 5, 1945. it is a 20-minute drive from a popular seaside resort on the baltic. until 1945, it was part of german territory and had a large german population. in winter 1945 with the russian red army continuing its advance, the occupation authorities that up an airlift to evacuate germans from the area. planes departed loaded with the back kiwis, mainly women and children. normally a seaplane such as this one holds 17 passengers. during the airlift, they were crammed full with up to 80 people. on march 5, a plane carrying four cre
's second only to the u.s. contribution which was more than $16 billion. some of the aid helps people who live in the suburb of kabul. donors provide funds for this well and others like it. >> translator: i'm happy that we got water. >> translator: our standards of living are better than before. >> reporter: still more than a third of afghans live in poverty. residents of a northern province have not received assistance from the government or from abroad. so this man went back to an old source of revenue. growing poppies to produce opium. the karzai administration has tried to stop the practice. the taliban relies on opium as a main source of funding. abdul muhammad earned little income in the five years before he turned to farming. he says government officials have not kept their promise to build irrigation facilities and provide the seeds for crops. he has seven children to feed. he says he had little choice but to grow poppies and sell them to the taliban. >> translator: we don't care who buys the poppies. my children would starve to death if i didn't grow the plants. >> reporter: muha
by foreign minister arrived in cambodia on wednesday. he later held talks with chinese foreign minister. u.s. secretary of state hillary clinton arrived on wednesday. the obama administration has shifted its focus towards the asia pacific. the region is now officially at the center of u.s. economic and military strategy. clinton's priority at the asean regional forum is to contain chinese moves in the south china sea. north korea's nuclear weapons program is expected to be a major talking point. we'll be reporting live again on thursday. so please join us then. reporting in phnom penh. japan and china have failed to narrow their differences over the islands in the east china sea. the state owns one of them. it's been renting the others from a japanese family since 2002. the islands are claimed by taiwan and china. also protested the entry of three chinese boats. the coast guard warned the boats to leave japanese territory but the chinese side reportly said they were engaged in legitimate duties. also referred to the government's negotiations to purchase some of the islands from their private
of touch he is with public opinion. >> bear with us for a moment. we will come back to you in just a moment's time. all right, soccer was also on the agenda in berlin today -- above all, the question of how to solve the question of violence in germany's soccer stadiums. >> politicians met with representatives from 54 professional soccer clubs on a new code of behavior that will see troublemakers' band more quickly and more money for fan associations -- behavior that will see troublemakers banned more quickly. >> they may be banned, but they keep showing up. out-of-control fans are a growing problem. a low point was this game. fans stormed the field before the game was over in this playoff match. officials want to put a stop to this kind of access. the message at the conference was clear. >> we have to present a united front against violence. a zero tolerance policy from the new season on words -- onwards. >> the conference did not come up with any new proposals but did agree on a new code of conduct. fireworks remain banned, but the new head of the conference says a balanced needs to be str
it is essential to respond to the market's. >> they are giving us messages. if you ask me, it is a powerful question. will we be able, shall we be able? the answer is yes, of course. >> the market responded positively to draghi's words. that could ease pressure on struggling countries and by the time to rebuild the economies. >> the spanish team of-year bond yield is below 10% now and european bond shares went up 2%. the dax ended the day up by 2.75%. the dow jones up over 4%. a very good day obviously. we look across the atlantic -- the dow jones doing well, 12,882. the euro recovering from recent lows at the moment. we stay in the and the european commission president pledged to deliver on obligations to remain in the . >> that is right. in his first athens visit since the crisis started in 2009, bar asso met with greek and italian prime minister's to find ways to cut spending. >> meanwhile, athens is reviewing it greek austerity measures. the ecb has the power to decide whether greece has done enough. >> with a report on the austerity program in september, in the meantime, greeks are vo
is terrible. >> the latest concern is that the regime might use chemical weapons or allow them to fall into the wrong hands. israel says if that happens, it will act. >> at the moment, we see the psyrians transfer chemical and biological weapons to hezbollah -- this is a red line for us, and from our point of view, we will act decisively and without hesitation or restraint. >> threats like that are likely to prompt more people to join the 100,000 who have already fled syria for the safety of neighboring countries. >> the egyptian president has announced a new prime minister for the country, and he is a u.s.-educated former official at the african development bank. he was the minister of water resources and irrigation in the outgoing military-appointed government. >> on his facebook pitch, it says he owned a doctorate. it is unclear how much power he will have, given the ongoing influence of the military. the german city health services to commemorate those who died in the love parade two years ago. the music festival used to be one of germany's biggest, attracting visitors from all ove
accused the west of effectively trying to use blackmail to secure a new solution to and syria's civil war. >> in syria itself, of violence escalates on monday. the fighting is spreading in the capital of damascus. the government's deployed -- the government deployed armored did -- vehicles in the city. >> this amateur video is said to show a fierce fighting between government forces and rebel fighters in the capital of damascus. now it seems the heaviest fighting is where it began. international leaders are stepping up pressure on syria's rival, russia. the russian foreign minister sergei lavrov accused the west of strong arming moscow. >> we are seeing elements of black male much to our regrets. -- upblackmail -- of blackmail much to our regrets. i find this to be counterproductive and dangerous proposal. >> serious opposition and sharply criticized president assad's allies. the syrian national council of leaders are seeing russia and iran are helping fuel the violence. >> we're calling on russia and iran to respect the will of the syrian people and to stop supporting the cruel regime. t
. they've been using something called a large hadron collider to track it down. the particle accelerator is a 27-kilometer looped pipe in a tunnel 100 meters underground beneath the swiss/ french border. scientists accelerate two beams of protons close to light speed, then fire them in different directions. the protons smash into each other creating a high energy reaction designed to simulate the big bang. from there, researchers analyze that numerous particles generated by the collision to try to find evidence of the higgs boson. >> peter higgs was in his 30s when it came up with his ground breaking theory. he's now 83 years old. the physicist was on hand for the announcement and said he thought he would never live to say this day. >> i would like to add my congratulations to everybody involved in this tremendous achievement. for me, it's really an incredible thing that's happened in my lifetime. it has taken -- >> scientists around the world also consider this find incredible. we spoke with two of japan's nobel winning physicists to explain. >> translator: if you take a close look at t
this story for us. we heard from some of these residents and they are angry. quite understandable in the wake of what happened at fukushima daiichi. shika has been operating for 20 years. why is the investigation process starting right now? >> gene, obviously the fukushima accident is one reason. the government ordered nuclear operators to make sure that the land under the plant is stable but the concern about the shika, this plant, pre-date last year's disaster. the power company applied for permission to build the plant in 1987. the document used for that application included figures showing the shapes and the locations of fracture running under the site. the company researcher said those fractures wouldn't pose a problem. the government approved the plan. in 2006 the government revised its quake, earthquake register guidelines for nuclear plants. the operator was ordered to examine active faults around the facility. the company's engineers carry out a drill survey in 2008 to reassess 20 faults near the shika plant. but for reasons unknown, they didn't include the fractures under question i
trading for $1.2533. markets are closed for the independence day holiday in the u.s. he says that he is sorry, disappointed, and also angry. those are the words of barclays's ceo bob diamond as he testified before a u.k. parliamentary committee on wednesday. >> his company has been accused of manipulating the london-based libor rate, which banks use to lend money to one anothe. scandal has already cost three executives at barclays their jobs. >> diamond insists that the rating was isolated to only a few employees at the firm and that it is an industry-wide issue, possibly indicating the bank of england itself -- diamond insists that the rate rigging was isolated. >> he has become a symbol of greed and arrogance in the banking industry. committee members grilled him for hours, focusing on the role of britain's central bank in the crisis. lawmakers wanted to know whether the bank of england approved of barclays actions in 2008 in an effort to avoid further turbulence in financial markets. it is a grave allegation, and it could adversely affect london's financial reputation. the libor b
officials believe it is the right path. our brussels correspondent spoke to us earlier. >> the european commission spokesperson welcomed the announcement by mariano rajoy, but would not comment on the details. they said that the measures looked decisive. what is clear is that the spanish government is following the eu's recommendations. they say that spain has to increase its tax revenues and also shift the tax burden from taxes on labor and income more to consumption. that is what is happening now. also -- also, spanish prime minister mariano rajoy announced that the retirement age will gradually increase to 67 years over the next 15 years. a lot is happening, but a lot more is needed. they are asking spain to do more to tighten and employment, especially amongst young people, to do more to improve the structural systems and get structural reforms under way. brussels does not want spain to enter into even deeper recession. they're watching closely what spain is doing. >> time to take a look at once the's market numbers. -- at a wednesday's market numbers. let's begin with frankfurt. th
on a bailout package since the eurozone crisis began, and support for all the best use is wearing thin in some places. >> german lawmakers have already backed several packages, but concern is growing about how much europe's debt crisis is costing taxpayers. the finance minister says it is essential that the stability of the spanish banking sector is protected. he denies there is a risk of losing the money and says madrid will be liable for the funds. >> anyone going on about the liability of collective banking debts in the eurozone does not understand the seriousness of the issues, the -- the economic and political concerns at stake. >> spain will have to fulfil certain conditions. it will have to restructure its banking sector, but the opposition social democrats remain skeptical and fear madrid may need much more assistance. >> is the majority votes yes, it is only because we believe the damage caused by germany refusing to help spain would be catastrophic, including for germany. ladies and gentlemen, this cannot continue. >> the left party says the government just wants to calm financial ma
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